Indian Railways holds within itself a plethora of railway recruitment opportunities for job aspirants in India. Depending on your skill-set, you could vie for railway recruitment in any of the many fields that are part of the wide Indian Railways network. Railways offers job opportunities for almost all streams of candidates and gives some excellent benefits to its employees, especially when compared with many other government and non-government organisations in India.

Indian Railways is further sub-divided into 9 major zones, each of which comes falls the purview of the railway board, Ministry of Railways. Along with a fixed salary and a pension after retirement, an employee is also entitled to a variety of other perks, including free train passes for themselves and their families, and accommodation at very affordable prices at railway guest houses across the country. They also get education and healthcare facilities for their family and children.

Railway recruitment and other government organisations: Just like various other government organisations, recruitment for Indian Railways is divided into four groups.

Group-A : These are higher administrative and executive responsibilities

Group-B : These are the middle management posts

Group-C : These are supervisory posts

Group-D : The other remaining posts falls under this category

Recruitment in Indian Railways

Railway reruitment, Indian Railways, railway jobs
Indian Railways: A great employment opportunity. Look out for railway recruitment notifications. Photo: Creativecommons

Indian Railways is considered one of the largest employers in the country and railway recruitment is done by the Railway Recruitment board. Indian Railways has two boards — Railway Recruitment Board (RRBs), and Railway Recruitment Cell (RRCs). These boards release notifications based on vacancies for both gazetted and non-gazetted posts.

All recruitment is divided into four groups — Group A, Group B, Group C and Group D. Below are the ways in which recruitment is done for the various groups.

Group A: Group A posts are among the top posts in railways and is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Candidates are selected through Civil Services Examination (CSE), Engineering Services Examination (ESE) and Combined Medical Services Examination (CMSE).

Group B: Group B Posts are not for direct recruitment. These provide opportunities to internal Group C employees to grow and take higher posts.

Group C: These posts are for both technical and non-technical cadre posts after 12th class or diploma level. Railway Recruitment Board is authorised to conduct the examination for Group C vacancies. This group covers the posts mentioned below. The three major categories of exams are NTPC (non-technical popular categories), ALP and JE recruitments.

  • Ticket Collector
  • Clerk
  • Commercial Apprentice
  • Railway Posts,
  • Traffic Apprentice,
  • Engineering posts like Civil, Mechanical, Signal And Telecommunication Dept.

The recruitment for all these positions are conducted through computer-based tests. The exam pattern includes the following subjects, which are common across all exams.

  • Mathematics
  • General Intelligence and Reasoning
  • General Science
  • General Awareness and Current Affairs

Technical Section: Phase-II of the exam or even in the same phase technical section is included to check the ability of the aspirant for the relevant posts. There may also be physical tests for certain positions.

One needs to carefully analyse the pattern once the notification comes and then do the final preparation.

Group D: These posts in various disciplines include Trackman, Helper, Assistant Points Man, Safaiwala, Gunman, Peon, etc. The minimum qualification for most of these exams is 10th grade. The exam is conducted in CBT mode and across many languages. During the last notification, almost 1.6 crore aspirants applied for approximately 60,000 positions.

Below was the pattern of examination during the exam.

Written TestGeneral Knowledge20 
 Arithmetic Ability25 
 General Intelligence25 
 General Science30 
Total 10090 minutes


Overall, Indian Railways provided an opportunity for every individual with every level of education. Together with good remuneration, the body also provides the much-needed job security and retirement benefits. Except Group A examinations, no other is regular in nature. The others recruitments depend on available vacancies and are subject to approval at various levels.

Latest railway exam notification:

According to the latest RRB notification, Railway JE Recruitment 2018-19, Indian Railways wants to hire candidates for the posts of Junior Engineer (JE), Junior Engineer (Information Technology), Depot Material Superintendent (DMS) and Chemical & Metallurgical Assistant (CMA). Through Railway JE Recruitment 2018-19 Exam, RRB will recruit for 13,487 vacancies.


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